If you’re wondering how to propagate monstera deliciosa, this post shares three monstera deliciosa propagation methods. They will all help you grow more plants from the beautiful monstera you already have! The monstera deliciosa plant is easy to take care of and easy to propagate in water, in soil, or through air layering.
How to Propagate Monstera Deliciosa From a Cutting
Monstera deliciosa plants are beautiful and trendy. They can bring a lush tropical vibe to even the most suburban of living rooms (I would know). And while the monstera—also called a swiss cheese plant—is very much a basic b!tch plant these days, it’s also a timeless plant.
It was around before it became famous on Instagram, and it will be around when the masses move on to the next plant, too. Why? Because it is just stunning, especially when its leaves reach maturity.
So it’s in your best interest to jump on this trend bandwagon, my friends. Because this really is a beautiful plant that is pretty easy to care for and also pretty easy to propagate. So let’s chat about that.
When is the best time to propagate monstera deliciosa cuttings?
Timing is important. Like nearly all other plants, the best time to propagate monstera deliciosa cuttings is during its active growing season. Spring, summer, and fall will all work pretty well, but summer is definitely the best.
This plant hails from the rainforest, so it will love a little summer heat and humidity. Make sure it doesn’t get direct sun all day, though. Bright, indirect light is the best. Just like the rainforest.
How to take a Monstera Cutting
When propagating a monstera deliciosa plant in water, you can’t simply cut off a stem from the monstera plant and give it a go in water. It won’t develop any roots if it doesn’t have any nodes.
Aerial roots are also super helpful, and if your plant already has some long ones growing, you can grab a cutting with one to speed up the process. Here is the cutting I took.
See the extra little bit on the bottom and the little nub? That’s what’s going to help this cutting grow. If I’d just cut the stem off with none of that extra jazz, it would have withered and died a slow, painful death. That’d be sad.
Growing a Monstera Cutting in Water
Now that we have a proper cutting, let’s talk water propagation. This method is very similar to the method I used to propagate pothos plants from cuttings. However, unlike the pothos plant, you have to be a bit more precise with where you take your cutting from the parent plant.
Your cutting should have a couple of leaves; remove any excess leaves. However, the best spot to cut on my plant only had one leaf, so I gave that a go. I’m a real risk taker. I popped that sucker in a clear jar and filled it with water.
I added a few other cuttings to the jar for company, but these didn’t have notes. They were just the result of some pruning, and I couldn’t bear to throw them out right away because I am insane.
You’ll want to refresh the water every few days or whenever you notice that it’s becoming cloudy. This is best practice whenever propagating any plant in water. Also make sure your little experiment is getting a good amount of indirect sunlight.
Humidity is also a big bonus. If you live in a hot, humid area that happens to have a covered deck, that is the best spot!
How long does it take a monstera deliciosa to root in water?
Well, it depends. If your cutting already had some aerial root growth on it, the process will be much faster. Think of it as a head start on the process. If there were only nodes and no aerial roots, just monitor the root growth in the water. It’s always fun for me to check the progress.
Once your cutting has some nice new growth, you can plant it. However, your cutting can also have some just-okay new growth, or even no new growth at all. The water propagation method is great for monitoring how the root development is going, and it helps speed things up a bit.
Planting a monstera cutting
To transplant your newly rooted cutting into soil, simply plant as you normally would. Use a well-draining soil and water when the soil dries out. Also, fair warning: the leaves on your plant may begin looking a bit sad as the plant’s roots adjust to their new home. Have some patience and continuing babying your plant patient.
Many plant lovers love the process of watching the new growth and seeing firsthand how things are going. Maybe we’re a bit controlling and overbearing of our little babies. But if you want to skip this step all together, you can just plant your monstera deliciosa cutting right after you take it off of the original plant.
Propagating monstera deliciosa cuttings in soil
This method is basically the same as rooting a monstera cutting in water. You have all the same requirements for where to take the cutting off a plant. A node is essential, an aerial root is fab if you can grab it.
If you’re skipping the water soak, I’d recommend dabbing your cutting in a bit of rooting hormone powder before planting it. Plant your cutting gently in a pot with well-draining soil. Let’s stay away from root rot!
Water when the soil dries out, and keep the plant in bright, indirect light. As discussed above, if you can keep it in a hot, humid area with bright, indirect light, you’ll be cookin’ with gas. It might help it grow a bit quicker.
However, propagating a monstera deliciosa cutting in soil does take a lot more patience. That’s because you can’t see any of the root development as it’s happening—the suspense! Is it working? WHEN WILL WE KNOW? Well, you’ll know when new growth sprouts. Yep, it will be like Christmas morning one day.
A few weeks after this photo was taken, I got this plant down to about 1 inch above the soil line as an experiment. I continued to water and wait, giving this guy plenty of bright, indirect light.
I brought it outdoors many days. After a week or so, a new sprout emerged, and I was SO excited! Here is a documentation of its daily progress over the next week. It really did sprout quickly, and the day the new leaf unwound was so exciting.
I’ll update this post in the future with how this new plant is doing. (In the meantime, I have two more pruned cuttings rooting on water. What am I supposed to do, throw them away? Monster.)
Using Air Layering to Propagate a Monstera Deliciosa
This is a pretty neat method that I wrote about in my post on propagating rubber plants from cuttings. It’s a pretty simple approach, but I don’t really do it just because it takes extra supplies. Here’s a basic overview of how to use the air layering technique to propagate a monstera deliciosa:
- Pick up some sphagnum moss. You probably already have plastic wrap and something to tie it off with in your home.
- Find the spot you’d take a cutting from if you were using the previous two propagation methods (water and soil), but don’t cut it! Just make a slice where you’d cut it. Below a node.
- Wrap this whole area—including the cut, the node, and the stem around it—with moist sphagnum moss. Then wrap that in plastic wrap and secure in place. You’ll have to remove the wrap to remoisten the moss when it dries.
- After a while, probably a few months, roots will begin to grow. Cut the stem off at the original cut you made and plant!
How to separate monstera deliciosa babies off of a mother plant
Another super easy way to propagate a monstera deliciosa plant is by separating babies off of a mother plant. This isn’t propagation so much as it is just splitting up a plant…but it’s a great way to make more plants quickly!
This is also a great way to help a big monstera plant thrive. When you buy a monstera deliciosa plant at a big box store (and sometimes this is the case in nurseries as well), there are usually a TON of plants in there.
Here’s a look. This was a clearance monstera I picked up at Lowe’s. If you can believe it, this was $6! I’d already cut off all of the dead and ugly foliage when I snapped this pic.
The first thing I did was take the plant out of the pot in my garage. Then, with my gardening gloves on, I started gently pulling the soil off the root structure so I could untangled things.
Don’t worry if you rip some roots off. As long as some of the root structure remains for each plant, it will bounce back. I also find it’s easy to look for where plants separate at the surface of the soil.
Then I gently begin pulling that stem and its leaves away from the main root ball. Make sure to pull at the roots, too, to make sure you take some of them with you.
I think I harvested something like 13 plants from this one $6 monstera. Amazing isn’t it? I kept one for myself, sold a few of the bigger, pretty plants for cheap, and gave a bunch away. So rewarding to save them all from clearance shelf death!
Want more plant care tips? You’ll also love my guides on how to take care of snake plants, how to take care of pothos plants, how to take care of rubber plants,how to care for elephant ear varieties, and how to care for philodendron.